- Innovative Actions for the Improvement of the Workings of
the Labour Market and the Development of Human Resources.
Within the context of an active employment policy, the ESF
devotes special attention to the improvement of the operation
of the labour market and to the development of human resources.
For this last 5-year period, the Commission suggested that the
member states concentrate their interventions in innovative
actions in the following fields:
of innovative employment formulas: in sectors of high employment;
by means of flexible systems for the organisation of work
and production; through a reduction of indirect salary costs:
or by offering new employment opportunities in the service
sector that contribute to improving living conditions and
services to persons.
of the operation of the labour market, by means of projects
aimed at strengthening and modernising employment services;
facilitating worker mobility; and integrating in the labour
market persons at risk of exclusion.
of structures, methods and organisations related to training.
- Innovative Actions in favour of long-term unemployed persons
Still within the context of an active employment policy geared
towards fomenting a better operation of the labour market, the
ESF financed pilot actions which included territorial support
strategies based on a coherent set of activities involving research,
implementation, promotion and co-ordination. Said activities
were intended to be geared at exploring the opportunities new
jobs could offer long-term unemployed persons.
1997 - Innovative Actions in the field of New Jobs
With the 1996 call for projects involving innovative actions,
the Commission intended to support the EU
strategy for the creation of employment. The projects chosen
and implemented as a result of that call were aimed at three
develop local employment by means of aid to development
agencies and to local networks and associations working
in favour of initiatives for the creation of employment
develop new systems of organising work in businesses, particularly
systems aimed at making full use of the possibilities of
new technologies and of the demand of more flexible labour
opportunities on the part of future workers.
seek vertical associations (local, national and community
bodies), as an essential condition for the application of
legal, financial and tax frameworks favourable for the creation
of these new jobs.
- Innovative Actions on Local Capital with Social Goals
On the basis of the common denominator of fomenting employment
and social cohesion, advocated and recommended by all European
institutions, the projects implemented centred around three
types of objectives:
restore social cohesion by fostering actions of a co-operative
and supportive nature. As a result, socially useful actions
were implemented, either to improve living conditions and
local environment, or to strengthen or create self-help
communities and networks for the exchange of products and
services within a small area.
reinforce territorial networks and formal or informal associations
which try to facilitate access to jobs of persons in a situation
provide aid for the creation of micro-enterprises and co-operatives.
For more information see: http://www.astro.es/arte6